The majority of land in western Canada is identified by the ‘legal description’ comprising of 3 sets of numbers – Section, Township, and Range, e.g. 28-13-123 and being either east (E) or west (W) of the principal meridian, which is located just to the west of Winnipeg.

The farmland is set out in square sections 1 mile by 1 mile (640 acres) and can be further subdivided into quarter sections (160 acres).  A block of 36 sections makes up a township, with six townships creating a municipality, each of which is administered by a group of councillors.