Canada is the second largest country in the world. Encompassing nearly half the North American continent, Canada, with a population of 36 million people, is the second largest country in the world. Enormous contrasts exist between rugged mountains, endless prairies, huge forests, countless lakes and rivers, pleasant summers, cold winters, busy cities, and large unpopulated areas.
Canada has more lakes than the rest of the world combined. More than 50% of the world’s lakes are situated in Canada. Over 9% of Canada’s surface is covered in fresh water. Canada has seven percent of the world’s renewable freshwater supply, and 25 percent of the world’s wetlands. It also has the longest coastline in the world.
The Trans-Canada Highway connects the east and west coast being just short of 4900 miles long, with the distance from Halifax (on the east coast) to Vancouver (on the west coast) being greater than the distance from Halifax (Canada) to London (England). Canada is almost nine times the size of South Africa. The Province of Manitoba alone is half the size of South Africa. Canada is a huge country. It has a total land area of 9,984,670 square kilometers, and with a total population of just over 36 million, the density is about 3.5 people per square kilometer. The longest distance, north to south (on land), is 4,634 from the northern tip of Nunavut to the southern tip of Ontario. The longest distance east to west is 5,514 kilometres from the eastern tip of Newfoundland and Labrador to the western tip of the Yukon Territory where it borders with Alaska. To help you understand Canada’s size, consider this. It takes seven days to drive from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Vancouver, British Columbia. To fly from Halifax to Vancouver takes seven hours. More proof of this country’s size: Canada has six separate time zones – Newfoundland, Atlantic, Eastern, Central, Mountain, and Pacific.
Canada’s forests, its wildlife, protected areas, and water are well known around the world. Canada has more than 71,500 known species of plans and wild animals, contains 20 percent of the world’s remaining wilderness, and ten percent of the world’s forests.
Canada is made up of ten provinces and three territories. Each province and territory has its own capital city where the provincial or territorial government is located.
- Alberta – http://www.alberta.ca/index.aspx
- British Columbia – http://www2.gov.bc.ca/
- Manitoba – https://www.gov.mb.ca/
- New Brunswick – http://www2.gnb.ca/
- Newfoundland and Labrador – http://www.gov.nl.ca/
- Northwest Territories – http://www.gov.nt.ca/
- Nova Scotia – http://novascotia.ca/
- Nunavut Territory – http://www.gov.nu.ca/
- Ontario – https://www.ontario.ca/page/government-ontario
- Prince Edward Island – http://www.gov.pe.ca/
- Quebec – http://www.gouv.qc.ca/FR/Pages/Accueil.aspx
- Saskatchewan – https://www.saskatchewan.ca/
- Yukon Territory – http://www.gov.yk.ca/
Canada can be divided into different regional areas:
- The East
- The Central Region
- The Prairies
- The West
- The North